Varying forms of tie-dye have been in use since the beginning of time. The art of dying simply means the application and bonding of bright colors to fabric.
As early as the 6th century, traditional methods of tie-dye were formed in India, Japan and Africa.
Bandhani is the oldest known tie-dye tradition, still practised in India today. This method involves tying small pints of thread and dip-dying to create a dot design. Shabori is a modern tie-dye technique used by the Japanese to dye their silk or hemp garments. This method involved binding, stitching, folding, twisting or compressing the fabric to create a pattern.
A. Store-Bought Tie-Dye
- Read the care label. Most tie-dyed fabrics and garments should be washed in warm or cold water.
- Use a pre-treatment spray to treat stains and leave the spray to soak into the fabric for a few minutes. Do not use products that contain bleach, as these can discolour the tie-dye.
- Spray any stains with a laundry pre-treatment. Place the garment in the washer and add detergent. Be sure to use a gentle soap that contains no bleach.
- Hang the garment or lay it flat to dry. Air-drying helps keep colours bright and reduces fading.
B. Homemade Tie-Dye
- Pre-treat any stains as needed. Let the garment sit for 5 to 10 minutes after spraying to let the spray soak into the fabric.
- Handwash the garment in cold water: Soak the garment in cold water and detergent for 10 to 15 minutes. Gently rub the fabric together to remove dirt and grime. Wring out soap and water and rinse under cold water to remove soapy residue. Wring out excess water.
- Air dry to preserve the colour. If your garment needs ironing, make sure the iron is on a low setting.